Cellulite is a term used worldwide to refer to a clinical picture that is present in almost 98% of women at some stage in life.
If you are a woman, even if you are slightly lean, the chances of being affected by cellulite are 90%, especially if you are Caucasian.
This picture is characterized by alterations of the skin relief that give the surface an orange peel appearance.
Is the term correct?
What is Cellulite? In fact, the term “cellulite” is incorrect for this condition, but is thus commonly known.
In turn, there is another term that experts use for this problem, “lipodystrophy”, which also seems not to be the most appropriate to define adipose tissue “cellulite” because it remains normal in its structure.
Since there is a great retention of fluid at the level of connective tissue (place where it is installed), there are those who prefer the term “hidrolipodystrophy”.
Some authors also use the term “steatomeria”, which is directed essentially to the deposits of fat that are installed in the external zone of the thighs and buttocks and that we know with the name of “culote”.
Since, as it turns out, there is no unanimously recognized term, it has been adapted to be the most vulgar and recognized by all.
It is the consequence of a whole set of changes or modifications occurring at the level of the subcutaneous connective tissue.
Such changes are caused by:
– a vasodilation caused by venous and lymphatic stasis, that is, by the slow movement of blood and lymph that occurs at that level, not adequately irrigating the area and, therefore, hindering their normal metabolic changes;
– a retention of liquids that are accumulating more and more, increasing the toxic substances; A transformation of the fibers there, which also hinders the metabolic changes between the blood and the cells and connective fibers. This process will necessarily lead to the accumulation of adipocytes (fat cells) and cellular toxins.
What starts to happen in the connective tissue?
There is in the connective tissue a substance (the fundamental substance) that begins to become more and more viscous.
In principle, it is this fundamental substance – which serves as an important intermediary in the exchanges between blood and cells – which, becoming thicker and more viscous, causes the connective tissue to enter into a process of “suffocation”.
This, in turn, will lead to the slowness of exchanges between blood and lymph circulation and connective cells.
As a consequence of this phenomenon, the adipocytes become overloaded with fat, the connective fibers transform and the circulation becomes increasingly difficult (circulatory stasis).
On the other hand, there is hypertrophy of adipose cells as a consequence of an overload in triglycerides.
What are the factors that most determine their existence?
– Sex – It primarily affects women in about 98% of cases.
– Endocrine origin – It has been verified that there is a great hormonal influence on the fundamental substance of the connective tissue and that corresponds to the functions of the ovary, adrenal, thyroid and parathyroid.
– Metabolic origin – Metabolic factors include the problems of water metabolism (usually retention of liquids) and cholesterol. It may also be influenced by the malfunctioning of the liver system, with “overfeeding” still to be considered.
– Other factors – Are those that, in some way, end up in parallel to influence the formation or worsening of cellulite. For example: professions that require a body stay in the same position for many hours of the day (always standing or always seated) and wearing garment parts that hinder return circulation (tight elastic straps, tight elastic jeans, etc. .).
What are the main causes?
– Inheritance – As with acne, obesity and vascular problems, it is also proven that the descendants of women with cellulitis tend to suffer more easily from this problem, so they should be aware of their early manifestations from an early age.
– Poor circulation – Poor blood circulation and cellulitis are usually interconnected. When the return circulation is slow, the blood stagnates, which justifies that the legs become swollen and heavy. However, in areas where there is little vascularization, cellulite appears. In turn, this cellulite will compress the veins, making it harder to return circulation and enter into a constant vicious cycle, leading to a worsening of the problem.
– Hormonal Imbalances – Three phases of a woman’s life are important in this field: adolescence, pregnancy and menopause. It is natural for the vast majority of women to have a slight fluid retention between the 14th and 18th day of their menstrual cycle. In this short period a slight swelling is normal.